For your body to function properly, vitamins and minerals are essential. These chemical compounds help in the production of energy and play an important role in the strengthening of bones. In addition to that, vitamins and minerals are necessary for immune system function, muscle contraction, fluid balance, nervous system etc. So you see, it’s difficult for your body to perform even simple tasks without an adequate supply of vitamins and minerals.
Although your body requires vitamins and minerals in small amounts, they are responsible for many of the major bodily functions. Whether it be sending nerve impulses or producing red blood cells and DNA, vitamins and minerals are required by your body to fill in these needs. Not getting enough of these chemical compounds can result in many serious complications like malnutrition and a number of nutrient deficiencies. So, physicians recommend high-quality vitamin supplements such as Boldfit, Gummies Garden or Purna Gummies.
Some diseases caused by the deficiency of vitamins and minerals
For most of human history, nutrient deficiencies were considered to be normal. In fact, even in the twentieth century, deficiencies caused by the inadequate supply of vitamins and minerals were widespread. Every other person lacked some sort of nutrient in their diet. Some of these nutrient deficiencies include:
Since ancient times, people have been known to have scurvy, a disease known as the severe deficiency of vitamin C. At that time, people didn’t know much about this disease, and as a result, many early explorers lost their lives to it.
As vitamin C is a vital nutrient required by your body, a lack of this vitamin could cause major problems. Vitamin C, otherwise known as ascorbic acid, plays a significant role in forming collagen in tissues, iron absorption, healing of wounds and immune system function.
A deficiency of ascorbic acid is mainly caused by a poor diet, short of fresh fruits and vegetables. Other scurvy causes are diseases like anorexia and some other mental health problems, older age, overconsumption of alcohol or drugs, restrictive diets caused by allergies or any other reasons, etc.
Widespread symptoms are caused due to the lack of vitamin C. Some of these warning signs and symptoms include:
- Reduced appetite
- Blurred vision
- Decaying of teeth
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain
- Swollen joints
- Bleeding of gums
2. Calcium deficiency
Calcium is a mineral found in milk, cheese, yogurt, peas, small fish and beans etc. Vegetables like cabbage, broccoli and kale also contain calcium. For the maintenance of strong bones and teeth, calcium is essential. It also controls the proper functioning of nerves, muscles and blood vessels.
The deficiency of calcium can have a few obvious symptoms. These include:
- Poor appetite
- Aching of muscles
Rickets is a term used for vitamin D deficiency, which causes the body to be incapable of depositing or absorbing calcium. Sometimes, it is also caused by the shortage of calcium and phosphorus. Sun exposure is the main source of vitamin D. Your body can’t produce this vitamin on its own.
Rickets is a condition that is most commonly found in children as this deficiency tends to have the most severe effects on growing bones. When rickets is diagnosed, oils, for instance, cod liver oil and organ meats, should be consumed to allow the body to resume the production of vitamin D.
Most of the symptoms of rickets are found at the growth plates of bones. These signs include:
- Frequent fractures
- Stunted growth
- Widened wrists
- Thickened joints
- Softening of the skull bones
4. Iron deficiency
Iron deficiency takes place when there is not enough intake of iron in the body. Iron makes hemoglobin in your body, which enables the red blood cells to transport oxygen around the body. Lack of hemoglobin production due to iron deficiency makes your muscles and tissues fatigued and inefficient. This condition is also called anemia.
Iron deficiency anemia is a commonly diagnosed disease worldwide. The most common causes of a lack of iron in the body include:
- Unhealthy Diet
- Loss of iron during increased requirement periods like during pregnancy blood loss.
- Inflammatory bowel disease.
Signs and symptoms of an iron deficiency depend on:
- How quickly it develops
- Age of patient
- The current state of health
However, there are cases where the patient doesn’t experience any pain.
There are three stages of iron deficiency. These stages depend upon the level of iron depletion in the body. Low or no intake of iron can lead to the use of preserved iron stores in the body. When these stores are used up, an iron deficiency or anemia develops.
Common symptoms of iron deficiency include
- Yellow or pale skin
- Shortness of breath
- Sore swollen tongue