If you are trying to conceive and you and your partner have had a fertility evaluation, it’s time to start considering the different treatment options that are available to you. Fertility treatment will typically refer to medications that stimulate the production of eggs or sperm, or medical procedures involving the handling of eggs, sperm or embryos. However, treating infertility can often go beyond fertility treatments. It can also include making lifestyle changes, weight loss, surgical interventions, or treating underlying medical conditions. Your personal fertility treatment plan may depend on a number of factors, including what the causes behind your infertility are, whether the main problem is from yours or your partner’s side, and more. Here’s what you need to know about fertility treatment options.
Fertility drugs are medications that can be used to stimulate ovulation in women or sperm production in the case of male infertility. Around 25% of female infertility cases are related to ovulation disorders, which is typically when fertility drugs will be used. Fertility drugs are almost always used during IVF treatment to stimulate the maturing of eggs and can be used during IUI treatments. Fertility drugs can stimulate ovulation around eighty percent of the time, and include Femara, Clomid, and gonadotropins.
Along with drugs that are designed to stimulate ovulation, there are various other drugs that might be used during the fertility treatment process. After your consultation at a fertility center Tulsa such as MCRM Fertility, your doctor might want to suppress the luteal phase of your period, which is the time after ovulation but before your menstrual period is due. Some of the medications that may be used to treat infertility include progesterone, injectable heparin or baby aspirin, metformin, GnRH agonists or antagonists, birth control pills, and dopamine agonists.
Intrauterine insemination, also known as artificial insemination, is a procedure that involves placing sperm that has been specially washed into the uterus. This treatment can be used for male factor infertility or in some cases of issues with the cervical mucus or unexplained infertility. IUI can also be used for donor sperm.
Assisted Reproductive Technologies
Assisted reproductive technologies are fertility treatments that involve the handling of eggs or embryos, including IVF, which is the most popular option. IVF, or In Vitro Fertilization, involves using fertility drugs to stimulate the ovaries to produce eggs, which are then retrieved from the ovaries. The eggs are then placed together with sperm and a combination of nutrients, where they are left until fertilization takes place. Once the eggs have been fertilized, one to three embryos will be placed in the uterus. There are several assisted technologies that may be used alongside IVF including: assisted hatching; cryopreservation of eggs, sperm or embryos; third-party reproduction; intracytoplasmic sperm injections; and pre-implantation genetic diagnosis.
Today, couples that are struggling to conceive naturally have several fertility treatments available to them. Your doctor will be able to recommend the best options for you based on your individual health and situation.
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