When it comes to the cultivation of houseplants, one of the most sought-after and beautiful is the Calathea. Calathea is originally from Brazil and Colombia. This genus is often called the “prayer plant” due to its closely similar leaves to what we do when we pray. It prefers high humidity and warm temperatures, but it does not like direct sunlight. To achieve the best results and ensure healthy growth, you should know a few basics and care about this plant.
1) Best Soil Condition For Calathea Warscewiczii
When it comes to soil, you should keep in mind that the Calathea is a tropical plant and does not attach much importance to the quality of its soil. For the first timers, you need to learn how to grow Calathea warscewiczii especially when it comes to soil conditions. The best soil condition should have a neutral pH and contain perlite, peat moss, and sand. The layer of topsoil must be at least 3 or 4 inches thick to allow good water drainage. And if you do not want to mix your soil, you can use unique decorative soils specially meant for plants like the Calathea. Never use potting soil as this type can lead to root rot, killing your plant.
2) Proper Re-potting Of Calathea Warscewiczii
Re-pot your prayer plant once every two years or when you notice the roots coming out of the drainage holes. It will not develop a deep and robust root system if you re-pot it too often. The best time for re-potting is in the spring. Calatheas should be re-potted in containers that are one size larger than their previous ones, but try to avoid putting them into pots that are too large as well. It is also advisable to use a pot with suitable drainage holes to prevent the roots from rotting.
3) Suitable Temperature And Light For Calathea Warscewiczii
The ideal temperature for a Calathea is between 18 and 22°C (65-72°F). It needs moderate to high humidity, so you can increase humidity by placing the pot on a tray full of pebbles and water. Ideally, the humidity should be around 70 to 80%. Calatheas need indirect sunlight or bright light. If its leaves turn pale, it is not receiving enough light. However, direct sunlight can scorch its leaves, so keep it away from window sills facing south or west.
4) Feeding And Transplanting Calathea Warscewiczii
Calatheas need frequent fertilization during their growing season (spring and summer). You should use a 20-20-20 fertilizer once every two weeks, but make sure to dilute it with water at half the rate written on the package. If you notice the leaves becoming yellowish or pale, the plant is not receiving enough light. If they turn brown and crispy, it is a sign that the plant has been exposed to too much heat and direct sunlight. If its leaves start turning brown at their tips or margins, it is not receiving enough water. On the other hand, if the leaves become wrinkled and soft, the plant is too wet. If you notice black spots on the leaves, it is usually a sign of mealybugs or scale insects, which feed on plants.
5) Pests And Diseases Of Calathea Warscewiczii
Calatheas are susceptible to mealy bugs, scale insects, and spider mites. To prevent them, you should make sure your plant is not overcrowded, that it accumulates plenty of humidity (70-80%), that you regularly spray the leaves with clean water. You use a suitable pesticide if needed, and you fertilize your plant every two weeks during the growing season (spring and summer). If you keep your plant in a well-lighted room and it accumulates plenty of humidity, the chances are those annoying insects will not bother it. However, if these measures do not work and you spot some mealybugs or spider mites, spray pesticide directly onto them and repeat this operation every seven days.
6) Propagating Calathea Warscewiczii
Calatheas propagate through stem cuttings and by seeds. Calathea warscewiczii reproduces stem cuttings that eventually sprout their roots and establish them as separate plants. Sow the seeds on top of the soil, pressing them lightly to stick to it. If you want, you can also use the rooting hormone to boost your chances of success. However, this plant is not easy to propagate, and the results are usually poor. Also, when you divide it, make sure you cut through the roots carefully since they grow quickly and can be damaged easily.
These are some basic rules and recommendations on how to take care of a Calathea warscewiczii. If your prayer plant is living in an environment that is too dark or too cold, it will not grow as well as it could. This type of houseplant grows best when exposed to sunlight and provided with the right temperature and humidity levels. You can make your Calathea warscewiczii grow and prosper by following these simple rules. Just remember to increase the humidity around its leaves and keep it in a warm place during the winter months.